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Configuring Alternate Access Mapping in SharePoint 2010

Written By: Edwin Sarmiento -- 3/17/2011 -- join -- contribute -- (5) comments -- printer friendly version

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Categories: Configurations, Design, IIS, SharePoint 2010, SharePoint Foundation 2010, System Administration

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Problem

In a previous tip on Using a host header as a SharePoint site path, we've seen how to configure a SharePoint site to use a different URL other than the server hostname for SharePoint Server 2007. How do we do this in SharePoint 2010?

Solution

Alternate access mapping (existed even in earlier versions of SharePoint) is commonly used to rewrite SharePoint URLs to more meaningful ones, typically done since the default SharePoint installation uses the server hostname in the URL. Some scenarios require configuring alternate access mappings since the URL of a web request received by IIS may not necessarily be the same as the one that the users entered in their browser, which is usually the case for reverse proxy publishing and network load balancing. In this specific case, we will be using alternate access mapping in preparation for building a scale-out SharePoint 2010 farm using Windows Network Load Balancing.

It is assumed at this point that you have already added a DNS A record for the new name that you will use for the existing SharePoint web application. In my case, I will use corporatePortal.testdomain.com as the new URL and 17.16.0.21 as the IP address which also corresponds to the IP address of my SharePoint server - SHAREPOINT1. Your DNS administrator may have to do this for you if you are not granted permissions to administer your DNS server.

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